White

White wine is an alcoholic beverage made from alcoholic fermented grape must, obtained from different red and white grape varieties of Vitis vinifera genus. The most relevant white varieties worldwide are: Chardonnay indigenous from Burgundy region; Sauvignon Blanc indigenous from Loire and  Bordeaux; Riesling is the queen variety in Germany; Viura in La Rioja and Penedés appellations;  Grüner Veltliner in Austria; Gewürztraminer used in the highly scented wines of Alsace; and finally Albariño in Rías Baixas, Galicia.

Which are the morphological features of white grapes?

White grapes, unlike red ones, have yellow-greenish skin colour. Therefore white varieties do not have any veraison, that is, they do not change its tone from green into red-bluish. White grape pomace is rich in tannins and in flavones, accountable for the aromatic fractions that we will find later on in the wine. The inside seed hold tannins and oily substances. At last, flesh is rich in water, sugar and organic acids such as Tartaric, Malic and Succinic. Due to the sugar in the flesh, as well as the saccharomyces yeasts action, must becomes white wine.

White wine traditional elaboration process…

White wine production starts with the late summer harvest, from August to end September, depending on the wine growing area. Northern regions with colder and more moderate climate delay the ripening of the grapes. Once the sugar content and the desired acidity are reached, manual harvest is performed and berries in boxes are conveyed directly to winery.    

The harvest received is unloaded in the pneumatic press either manually, every box, or through a conveyor belt. Usually during this stage, the whole production is introduced, without de-stemming, into the press, as the stems help berries not to get compacted so the must is well drained. Otherwise, harvest can be de-stemmed but this is completely unadvisable. The next step is the pressing, in several cycles, where pressure is increased over time. The must released during the pressing is conducted through a piston centrifuge pump into stainless steel tanks. The first fractions of the must are very rich in sugar content and aroma, while when pressing is higher, it gets more tannic and full of green substances.    

Then next step is the cold static racking or débourbage, in stainless steel vats. Cold is applied and usually some fining agents are added, such as bentonite, casein or isinglass which help keeping apart solid deposits from musts through by sedimentation or filtration. Racking usually takes 24hours at less than 10ºC. After that time, must is transferred into fermentation deposits pumping carefully only the clear part of the vat, free from any residue.

Now the saccharomyces cerevisiae yeasts are seeded and the alcoholic fermentation, that will transform must in white wine, starts. During this process carbonic gas is emitted (CO2) as a by-product. Fermentation temperature is around 17ºC. In the course of this process, yeasts turn sugar into alcohol. Sometimes a racking to a new vat is carried out in the middle of the cycle, to aerate must-wine and stimulate fermentative kinetics, as the carbon dioxide generated by the yeasts creates an anaerobic environment not suitable for fermentation.  

Once alcoholic fermentation is finished, white wine is conveyed into a new tank, refusing the low part with the thick lees, not used for the winemaking process. Malolactic fermentation can be accomplished now, but this is rarely performed, only with those wines of extreme acidity, typical of very cold regions and grape varieties with high malic acid content, as Champagne base white wines for instance. Without it, white wine goes through a resting and stabilisation period for the next 3 to 6 months. Now the option is for the winery to choose between a young white wine and an aged white wine, either in oak barrels or big wood vats.

Before bottling it, white wine goes through tartaric stabilization by refrigeration. Wine is cooled to 5 - 2ºC, which crystallizes tartaric acid in potassium bitartrate salts. This procedure is highly recommended to avoid salts dispersion in flocs when the wine is cooled after its sale. Then, wine is filtered through a porous surface with a frame filter or by diatom soils, in order to withhold any suspended matter such as bacteria or yeasts, and thus obtaining a biologically secure white wine.    

Finally, white wine is bottled and ready for distribution in the market.

Sorted by

White wine for more than 50€

Ballot-Millot Meursault Les Narvaux 2013
Quantity:
50,50 €
Eco / Bio
PK --
--
Type of wine Barrel Aged White Winery Ballot Millot Fils Appellation Meursault 1er Cru Grapes Chardonnay
Ganevat Côtes du Jura Les Chalasses Marnes Bleues 2014
Quantity:
50,65 €
Exclusive
Natural
PK --
--
Type of wine Barrel Aged White Winery Jean François Ganevat Appellation Côtes du Jura Grapes Savagnin
Pedra de Guix 2014
Quantity:
50,65 €
Charming
Eco / Bio
Other Bottle sizes: Magnum
Other Vintages available: 2012
PK94+
--
Dönnhoff Felsenberg GG 2015
Quantity:
50,85 €
Other Vintages available: 2013
PK95+
--
Type of wine Young White Winery Hermann Dönnhoff Appellation Nahe Grapes Riesling
Ganevat Côtes du Jura Sous La Roche 2014
Quantity:
51,15 €
Orgasmic
Natural
PK --
--
Type of wine Barrel Aged White Winery Jean François Ganevat Appellation Côtes du Jura Grapes Savagnin
Hubert Lamy Saint Aubin 1er Cru Clos Chatenière 2013
Quantity:
51,45 €
PK --
--
Ossian 2012 Magnum
Quantity:
51,65 €
Eco / Bio
PK91
93
Type of wine Barrel Aged White Winery Ossian Appellation Castilla y León Grapes Verdejo
Hugel Alsace Riesling Grossi Laüe 2010
Quantity:
51,90 €
PK96
--
Type of wine Young White Winery Hugel Appellation Alsace Grapes Riesling
Hubert Lamy Saint-Aubin 1er Cru En Remilly 2014
Quantity:
51,95 €
Eco / Bio
PK91-93
--
Type of wine Barrel Aged White Winery Hubert Lamy Appellation Saint Aubin 1er Cru Grapes Chardonnay
Hubert Lamy Saint-Aubin 1er Cru Clos de la Chatenière VV 2014
Quantity:
51,95 €
Orgasmic
Eco / Bio
PK --
--
Type of wine Barrel Aged White Winery Hubert Lamy Appellation Saint Aubin 1er Cru Grapes Chardonnay
Kühling - Gillot Rothenberg Riesling GG 2010
Quantity:
52,05 €
Orgasmic
Eco / Bio
Other Vintages available: 2014, 2012
PK88
--
Type of wine Young White Winery Kühling Gillot Appellation Rheinhessen Grapes Riesling
Ornellaia Poggio Alle Grazze 2014
Quantity:
52,64 €
PK --
--
Ridge Estate Chardonnay 2014
Quantity:
52,90 €
PK --
--
Type of wine Barrel Aged White Winery Ridge Vineyards Appellation Santa Cruz Mountains Grapes Chardonnay
Nikolaihof Steiner Hund Jungfernlese Riesling 2005
Quantity:
53,10 €
Freak
Eco / Bio
PK92
--
Type of wine Barrel Aged White Winery Nikolaihof Appellation Wachau Grapes Riesling
Branco de Santa Cruz 2010 Magnum
Quantity:
53,35 €
Exclusive
Eco / Bio
PK --
--
Régnard Chablis Grand Cru Les Preuses 2008
Quantity:
53,70 €
PK --
--
Type of wine Young White Winery Régnard Appellation Chablis Grand Cru Grapes Chardonnay
Les Arrels del Cel 2015
Quantity:
53,90 €
Charming
Natural
PK --
--
Type of wine Barrel Aged White Winery Amós Bañeres Appellation Penedés Grapes Xarel.lo
Pedra de Guix 2012
Quantity:
53,95 €
Charming
Eco / Bio
bottle x6: 51,25 €/u. (-5%)
PK94
92
200 Monges Reserva Selección Especial Blanco 2007
Quantity:
54,20 €
PK94
94
Domaine Jean Marc Boillot Puligny-Montrachet 2015
Quantity:
54,45 €
Charming
bottle x6: 51,75 €/u. (-5%)
Other Vintages available: 2014, 2013
PK90
--
Kühling - Gillot Rothenberg Riesling GG 2012
Quantity:
54,45 €
Orgasmic
Eco / Bio
Other Vintages available: 2014, 2010
PK --
--
Type of wine Young White Winery Kühling Gillot Appellation Rheinhessen Grapes Riesling
Emrich - Schönleber Halenberg Riesling 2011 GG
Quantity:
54,45 €
Orgasmic
Other Vintages available: 2012
PK94
--
Type of wine Young White Winery Emrich Schönleber Appellation Nahe Grapes Riesling
Domaine Jean Marc Boillot Puligny-Montrachet 2013
Quantity:
54,45 €
Charming
bottle x6: 51,75 €/u. (-5%)
Other Vintages available: 2015, 2014
PK90
--
Puffeney Arbois Vin Jaune 2009 - 62 cl.
Quantity:
54,55 €
Freak
Exclusive
Natural
PK94-97
--
Type of wine Barrel Aged White Winery Jacques Puffeney Appellation Arbois Grapes Savagnin
Didier Dagueneau Blanc Fumé de Pouilly 2014
Quantity:
55,00 €
Other Vintages available: 2013
PK --
--
Type of wine Barrel Aged White Winery Didier Dagueneau Appellation Pouilly Fumé Grapes Sauvignon Blanc
Wine in moderation
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