Sparkling

Sparkling wine is an alcoholic beverage made from partially fermented grape must, through a wine base obtained from different grape varieties of Vitis vinifera genus that would later on have a second alcoholic fermentation in bottle to obtain the carbonic gas or sparkle. 

Main varieties used for sparkling wine production are: Macabeo, Xarel.lo, Parellada and Trepat within the Cava appellation, and Chardonnay, Pinot Noir and Pinot Meunier in Champagne. Keep in mind that both Cava and Champagne are the most renowned worldwide producers of sparkling wine; however there are other producing regions such as Sekt, Prosseco and Crémant.

How is sparkling wine obtained?

There are different methods to bring forth a sparkling wine: champenoise method, also known as traditional or classic one, where the second fermentation is produced in the bottle after yeasts addition; transfer method, where the second fermentation is produced in the bottle but later the liquid is racked into a deposit to filter it and then put in the bottle again to be distributed; Granvás or Charmat method, where the second fermentation takes place in big gas-tight vats; and finally the gasification method, where carbonic gas is added to base wine.

Doubtlessly, champenoise method is the most expensive one but it is also the one which supplies the best sparkle quality and consequently the best final product.

The first step to produce any sparkling wine is to obtain a base of white wine with low alcoholic degree and smooth astringency that has followed white winemaking standard procedures. There are some producers who keep aside a small quantity of white wine to be aged in oak in order to furnish tertiary ageing aroma to the wine, for instance some cuvées by Krug and Castell de Sant Antoni.     

Once the wine is in big stainless steel deposits, the expedition or tirage liquor is added. This liquor is made of sugar and saccharomyces bayanus yeasts. Then, the mix is bottled in glass and corked with a cap similar to the one used for beer and a shutter. The glass is distinguishable for its thickness, as it has to endure the second fermentation pressure, which can reach up to 6 atmospheres.

The next step is the horizontal storage of the bottles, called rhyme, in the cellar with constant humidity and temperature. Rhyme ageing takes at least 9 months for Cava and 15 months for Champagne. During this phase, yeasts thrives on sugar and release both alcohol and carbonic gas (CO2), causing the cherished sparkle. After the second fermentation, yeasts die from asphyxiation and remain sedimented in the bottle; these are the famous lees that give the typical autolysis bouquet to wine.       

Once rhyme ageing is finished (from 9 to 60 months, depending on the cuvée) is the moment for clearing or fining, by turning regularly the bottles now placed on desks, until they get in vertical position, thus transferring the lees to the bottleneck.    

It is time for disgorgement, freezing the bottleneck with a champagel equipment. Then bottles are uncorked, so as to eliminate the part of the freeze wine that has yeasts sediments, a diminishment that is completed with base wine, if the idea is to obtain a brut nature, or with expedition liquor to obtain an extra brut sparkling wine (up to 6 g/l sugar), brut (up to 15 g/l), extra sec (from 12 to 20 g/l), sec (from 17 to 32 g/l), semi  sec (from 33 to 50 g/l) or sweet (over 50 g/l). Expedition liquor is a blend of sugar and aged white wine.   

Now all that's missing is corking, labelling and distribution. Bubbles party!

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Sparkling wine for more than 50€

Sparkling wine options

 Vintage dated
Pierre Paillard Les Maillerettes Grand Cru 2010
Quantity:
50,65 €
Orgasmic
Natural
PK91
--
Type of wine Champagne Winery Pierre Paillard Appellation Champagne Grapes Pinot Noir
Gramona Celler Batlle Gran Reserva Brut 2006
Quantity:
50,75 €
Orgasmic
Exclusive
bottle x6: 48,20 €/u. (-5%)
PK93
--
Type of wine Cava Winery Gramona Appellation Cava Grapes Xarel.lo, Macabeo
Recaredo Reserva Particular Gran Reserva Brut Nature 2005
Quantity:
50,95 €
Eco / Bio
PK94
96
Type of wine Cava Winery Cava Recaredo Appellation Cava Grapes Macabeo, Xarel.lo
Laherte Frères Les Vignes d'Autrefois 2012
Quantity:
51,25 €
Orgasmic
Freak
Natural
PK --
--
Type of wine Champagne Winery Laherte Frères Appellation Champagne Grapes Pinot Meunier
Vouette & Sorbée Fidèle
Quantity:
52,10 €
Orgasmic
Natural
PK93
--
Type of wine Champagne Winery Vouette Sorbée Appellation Champagne Grapes Pinot Noir
Veuve Clicquot Brut Rosé
Quantity:
52,30 €
PK87
--
Marguet Amboniacus Grand Cru 2009
Quantity:
52,45 €
Natural
PK --
--
Type of wine Champagne Winery Marguet Appellation Champagne Grapes Pinot Noir, Chardonnay
André Clouet Dream Vintage Brut 2008
Quantity:
52,80 €
Exclusive
bottle x6: 50,15 €/u. (-5%)
Other Vintages available: 2006, 2005, 2004
PK --
--
Type of wine Champagne Winery André Clouet Appellation Champagne Grapes Chardonnay
Laherte Frères Les Longues Voyes Blanc de Noirs Premier Cru
Quantity:
52,95 €
Natural
PK92
--
Type of wine Champagne Winery Laherte Frères Appellation Champagne Grapes Pinot Noir
Pierre Péters L'Esperit Blanc de Blancs Grand Cru 2009
Quantity:
53,00 €
PK93
--
Type of wine Champagne Winery Pierre Péters Appellation Champagne Grapes Chardonnay
Larmandier-Bernier Rosé de Saignée Premier Cru
Quantity:
53,15 €
Charming
Eco / Bio
PK92+
--
Type of wine Champagne Winery Larmandier Bernier Appellation Champagne Grapes Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, Pinot Gris
Huré Frères Mémoire Extra Brut
Quantity:
53,30 €
Charming
Natural
PK91
--
Type of wine Champagne Winery Huré Frères Appellation Champagne Grapes Chardonnay, Pinot Meunier, Pinot Noir
Moët & Chandon Grand Vintage 2006
Quantity:
53,45 €
PK --
--
Type of wine Champagne Winery Moët et Chandon Appellation Champagne Grapes Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Pinot Meunier
Marguet Ambonnay Brut Nature 2010
Quantity:
53,45 €
Natural
PK --
--
Type of wine Champagne Winery Marguet Appellation Champagne Grapes Pinot Noir, Chardonnay
Val Frison Elion Rosé Brut Nature
Quantity:
53,50 €
Orgasmic
Natural
PK --
--
Type of wine Champagne Winery Val Frison Appellation Champagne Grapes Pinot Noir
Bruno Paillard Blanc de Blancs Réserve Privée Grand Cru
Quantity:
53,70 €
PK92
--
Type of wine Champagne Winery Bruno Paillard Appellation Champagne Grapes Chardonnay
Benoît Lahaye Grand Cru Millésime 2011
Quantity:
53,70 €
Charming
Eco / Bio
bottle x6: 51,00 €/u. (-5%)
Other Vintages available: 2007
PK --
--
Type of wine Champagne Winery Benoît Lahaye Appellation Champagne Grapes Pinot Noir, Chardonnay
Bruno Paillard Première Cuvée Extra Brut Rosé
Quantity:
54,45 €
PK91
--
Type of wine Champagne Winery Bruno Paillard Appellation Champagne Grapes Pinot Noir, Chardonnay
L'O de l'Origan Brut Nature Magnum
Quantity:
55,00 €
Other Bottle sizes: Standard
PK91
91
Type of wine Cava Winery L'Origan Cava Appellation Cava Grapes Xarel.lo, Macabeo, Parellada, Chardonnay
Huré Frères Terra Natale Brut 2002
Quantity:
55,20 €
Exclusive
Natural
PK --
--
Type of wine Champagne Winery Huré Frères Appellation Champagne Grapes Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Pinot Meunier
Delamotte Brut Rosé
Quantity:
55,45 €
PK90
--
Type of wine Champagne Winery Champagne Delamotte Appellation Champagne Grapes Pinot Noir, Chardonnay
André Clouet Dream Vintage Brut 2004
Quantity:
55,60 €
Exclusive
bottle x6: 52,80 €/u. (-5%)
Other Vintages available: 2008, 2006, 2005
PK --
--
Type of wine Champagne Winery André Clouet Appellation Champagne Grapes Chardonnay
André Clouet Dream Vintage Brut 2006
Quantity:
55,80 €
Exclusive
bottle x6: 53,00 €/u. (-5%)
Other Vintages available: 2008, 2005, 2004
PK --
--
Type of wine Champagne Winery André Clouet Appellation Champagne Grapes Chardonnay
André Clouet Dream Vintage Brut 2005
Quantity:
55,80 €
Exclusive
bottle x6: 53,00 €/u. (-5%)
Other Vintages available: 2008, 2006, 2004
PK --
--
Type of wine Champagne Winery André Clouet Appellation Champagne Grapes Chardonnay
De Sousa Cuvée des Caudalies Grand Cru Extra Brut
Quantity:
56,00 €
Eco / Bio
PK91
--
Type of wine Champagne Winery De Sousa Appellation Champagne Grapes Chardonnay
Wine in moderation
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