Sparkling

Sparkling wine is an alcoholic beverage made from partially fermented grape must, through a wine base obtained from different grape varieties of Vitis vinifera genus that would later on have a second alcoholic fermentation in bottle to obtain the carbonic gas or sparkle. 

Main varieties used for sparkling wine production are: Macabeo, Xarel.lo, Parellada and Trepat within the Cava appellation, and Chardonnay, Pinot Noir and Pinot Meunier in Champagne. Keep in mind that both Cava and Champagne are the most renowned worldwide producers of sparkling wine; however there are other producing regions such as Sekt, Prosseco and Crémant.

How is sparkling wine obtained?

There are different methods to bring forth a sparkling wine: champenoise method, also known as traditional or classic one, where the second fermentation is produced in the bottle after yeasts addition; transfer method, where the second fermentation is produced in the bottle but later the liquid is racked into a deposit to filter it and then put in the bottle again to be distributed; Granvás or Charmat method, where the second fermentation takes place in big gas-tight vats; and finally the gasification method, where carbonic gas is added to base wine.

Doubtlessly, champenoise method is the most expensive one but it is also the one which supplies the best sparkle quality and consequently the best final product.

The first step to produce any sparkling wine is to obtain a base of white wine with low alcoholic degree and smooth astringency that has followed white winemaking standard procedures. There are some producers who keep aside a small quantity of white wine to be aged in oak in order to furnish tertiary ageing aroma to the wine, for instance some cuvées by Krug and Castell de Sant Antoni.     

Once the wine is in big stainless steel deposits, the expedition or tirage liquor is added. This liquor is made of sugar and saccharomyces bayanus yeasts. Then, the mix is bottled in glass and corked with a cap similar to the one used for beer and a shutter. The glass is distinguishable for its thickness, as it has to endure the second fermentation pressure, which can reach up to 6 atmospheres.

The next step is the horizontal storage of the bottles, called rhyme, in the cellar with constant humidity and temperature. Rhyme ageing takes at least 9 months for Cava and 15 months for Champagne. During this phase, yeasts thrives on sugar and release both alcohol and carbonic gas (CO2), causing the cherished sparkle. After the second fermentation, yeasts die from asphyxiation and remain sedimented in the bottle; these are the famous lees that give the typical autolysis bouquet to wine.       

Once rhyme ageing is finished (from 9 to 60 months, depending on the cuvée) is the moment for clearing or fining, by turning regularly the bottles now placed on desks, until they get in vertical position, thus transferring the lees to the bottleneck.    

It is time for disgorgement, freezing the bottleneck with a champagel equipment. Then bottles are uncorked, so as to eliminate the part of the freeze wine that has yeasts sediments, a diminishment that is completed with base wine, if the idea is to obtain a brut nature, or with expedition liquor to obtain an extra brut sparkling wine (up to 6 g/l sugar), brut (up to 15 g/l), extra sec (from 12 to 20 g/l), sec (from 17 to 32 g/l), semi  sec (from 33 to 50 g/l) or sweet (over 50 g/l). Expedition liquor is a blend of sugar and aged white wine.   

Now all that's missing is corking, labelling and distribution. Bubbles party!

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Sparkling wine from 30 to 50€

Sparkling wine options

 Vintage dated
Michel Arnould Brut Réserve Grand Cru
Quantity:
30,25 €
bottle x6: 28,75 €/u. (-5%)
Other Bottle sizes: Magnum
PK --
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Type of wine Champagne Winery Michel Arnould Fils Appellation Champagne Grapes Pinot Noir, Chardonnay
Ezequiel Gran Reserva Brut Nature 2002
Quantity:
30,35 €
Other Vintages available:
PK --
87
Type of wine Cava Winery Cavas Ferret Appellation Cava Grapes Xarel.lo, Macabeo, Parellada
Bertha Brut Nature Gran Reserva Cardús 2007 Magnum
Quantity:
30,50 €
PK --
--
Type of wine Cava Winery Bertha Appellation Cava Grapes Macabeo, Xarel.lo, Parellada
André Clouet Silver Brut Nature Grand Cru
Quantity:
30,65 €
Charming
bottle x6: 29,10 €/u. (-5%)
Other Bottle sizes: Magnum
PK91
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Type of wine Champagne Winery André Clouet Appellation Champagne Grapes Pinot Noir
Juvé & Camps Reserva de la Familia Brut Nature Gran Reserva 2013 Magnum
Quantity:
30,80 €
Other Bottle sizes: Doble Magnum, Standard
PK --
93
Type of wine Cava Winery Juvé Camps Appellation Cava Grapes Macabeo, Parellada, Xarel.lo
Laherte Frères Ultradition Extra Brut
Quantity:
30,90 €
Charming
Natural
PK92
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Type of wine Champagne Winery Laherte Frères Appellation Champagne Grapes Pinot Meunier, Chardonnay, Pinot Noir
Rimarts Uvae Brut Nature 2007
Quantity:
30,95 €
PK91
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Type of wine Cava Winery Cava Rimarts Appellation Cava Grapes Xarel.lo, Chardonnay
Françoise Bedel Origin'elle Brut
Quantity:
31,75 €
Charming
Eco / Bio
PK --
--
Robert Barbichon Brut Réserve 4 Cépages
Quantity:
31,80 €
Natural
PK --
--
Gramona Imperial Gran Reserva Brut 2012 Magnum
Quantity:
31,85 €
Other Bottle sizes: Standard
PK --
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Type of wine Cava Winery Gramona Appellation Cava Grapes Xarel.lo, Macabeo, Chardonnay
Pierre Paillard Les Parcelles Grand Cru 2011
Quantity:
32,15 €
Natural
PK --
--
Type of wine Champagne Winery Pierre Paillard Appellation Champagne Grapes Pinot Noir, Chardonnay
Première Bulle Brut 2010 Magnum
Quantity:
32,30 €
PK --
--
Moët & Chandon Brut Imperial
Quantity:
32,40 €
PK86
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Type of wine Champagne Winery Moët et Chandon Appellation Champagne Grapes Pinot Noir, Pinot Meunier, Chardonnay
Ezequiel Gran Reserva Brut Nature
Quantity:
32,50 €
bottle x6: 30,85 €/u. (-5%)
PK --
87
Type of wine Cava Winery Cavas Ferret Appellation Cava Grapes Xarel.lo, Macabeo, Parellada
Lenoble Brut Intense
Quantity:
32,55 €
PK88
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Type of wine Champagne Winery Champagne Lenoble Appellation Champagne Grapes Chardonnay, Pinot Meunier, Pinot Noir
Bourdaire Gallois Brut Réserve
Quantity:
32,65 €
Natural
PK --
--
Type of wine Champagne Winery Bourdaire Gallois Appellation Champagne Grapes Pinot Meunier, Pinot Noir, Chardonnay
Perrier - Jouët Grand Brut
Quantity:
33,05 €
PK87
--
Barrat Masson Grain d'Argile Extra Brut
Quantity:
33,20 €
Natural
PK --
--
Type of wine Champagne Winery Barrat Masson Appellation Champagne Grapes Pinot Noir, Chardonnay
Huguet Gran Reserva Brut Nature 2007 Magnum
Quantity:
33,30 €
Eco / Bio
PK88
89
Type of wine Cava Winery Huguet de Can Feixes Appellation Cava Grapes Parellada, Macabeo, Pinot Noir
Guy Charlemagne Brut Réserve Grand Cru
Quantity:
33,35 €
bottle x6: 31,70 €/u. (-5%)
Other Bottle sizes: Magnum
PK91
--
Type of wine Champagne Winery Guy Charlemagne Appellation Champagne Grapes Chardonnay
Robert Barbichon Brut Rosé de Saignée
Quantity:
33,90 €
Natural
PK --
--
Type of wine Champagne Winery Robert Barbichon Appellation Champagne Grapes Pinot Noir
Laherte Frères Blanc de Blancs Brut Nature
Quantity:
34,00 €
Natural
Other Bottle sizes: Magnum
PK88+
--
Type of wine Champagne Winery Laherte Frères Appellation Champagne Grapes Chardonnay
Claude Cazals Carte d'Or Grand Cru
Quantity:
34,00 €
Charming
Other Bottle sizes: Magnum, Demi
PK --
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Type of wine Champagne Winery Claude Cazals Appellation Champagne Grapes Chardonnay
Billecart Salmon Brut Rosé - 37,5 cl.
Quantity:
34,10 €
Orgasmic
Other Bottle sizes: Magnum, Doble Magnum, Standard
PK89
--
Type of wine Champagne Winery Billecart Salmon Appellation Champagne Grapes Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Pinot Meunier
André Clouet Brut Rosé Grand Cru
Quantity:
34,40 €
Orgasmic
Free shipping
Other Bottle sizes: Magnum, Doble Magnum
PK --
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Type of wine Champagne Winery André Clouet Appellation Champagne Grapes Pinot Noir
Wine in moderation
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