Sparkling

Sparkling wine is an alcoholic beverage made from partially fermented grape must, through a wine base obtained from different grape varieties of Vitis vinifera genus that would later on have a second alcoholic fermentation in bottle to obtain the carbonic gas or sparkle. 

Main varieties used for sparkling wine production are: Macabeo, Xarel.lo, Parellada and Trepat within the Cava appellation, and Chardonnay, Pinot Noir and Pinot Meunier in Champagne. Keep in mind that both Cava and Champagne are the most renowned worldwide producers of sparkling wine; however there are other producing regions such as Sekt, Prosseco and Crémant.

How is sparkling wine obtained?

There are different methods to bring forth a sparkling wine: champenoise method, also known as traditional or classic one, where the second fermentation is produced in the bottle after yeasts addition; transfer method, where the second fermentation is produced in the bottle but later the liquid is racked into a deposit to filter it and then put in the bottle again to be distributed; Granvás or Charmat method, where the second fermentation takes place in big gas-tight vats; and finally the gasification method, where carbonic gas is added to base wine.

Doubtlessly, champenoise method is the most expensive one but it is also the one which supplies the best sparkle quality and consequently the best final product.

The first step to produce any sparkling wine is to obtain a base of white wine with low alcoholic degree and smooth astringency that has followed white winemaking standard procedures. There are some producers who keep aside a small quantity of white wine to be aged in oak in order to furnish tertiary ageing aroma to the wine, for instance some cuvées by Krug and Castell de Sant Antoni.     

Once the wine is in big stainless steel deposits, the expedition or tirage liquor is added. This liquor is made of sugar and saccharomyces bayanus yeasts. Then, the mix is bottled in glass and corked with a cap similar to the one used for beer and a shutter. The glass is distinguishable for its thickness, as it has to endure the second fermentation pressure, which can reach up to 6 atmospheres.

The next step is the horizontal storage of the bottles, called rhyme, in the cellar with constant humidity and temperature. Rhyme ageing takes at least 9 months for Cava and 15 months for Champagne. During this phase, yeasts thrives on sugar and release both alcohol and carbonic gas (CO2), causing the cherished sparkle. After the second fermentation, yeasts die from asphyxiation and remain sedimented in the bottle; these are the famous lees that give the typical autolysis bouquet to wine.       

Once rhyme ageing is finished (from 9 to 60 months, depending on the cuvée) is the moment for clearing or fining, by turning regularly the bottles now placed on desks, until they get in vertical position, thus transferring the lees to the bottleneck.    

It is time for disgorgement, freezing the bottleneck with a champagel equipment. Then bottles are uncorked, so as to eliminate the part of the freeze wine that has yeasts sediments, a diminishment that is completed with base wine, if the idea is to obtain a brut nature, or with expedition liquor to obtain an extra brut sparkling wine (up to 6 g/l sugar), brut (up to 15 g/l), extra sec (from 12 to 20 g/l), sec (from 17 to 32 g/l), semi  sec (from 33 to 50 g/l) or sweet (over 50 g/l). Expedition liquor is a blend of sugar and aged white wine.   

Now all that's missing is corking, labelling and distribution. Bubbles party!

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Sparkling wine from 20 to 30€

Sparkling wine options

 Vintage dated
Colet Assemblage Extra Brut
Quantity:
20,20 €
Charming
Free shipping
Exclusive
PK90
91
Type of wine Cava Winery Colet Vins Appellation Penedés Grapes Pinot Noir, Chardonnay
Escoda Sanahuja Pet Nat 2015
Quantity:
20,50 €
Natural
PK --
--
Type of wine Ancestral Winery Escoda Sanahuja Appellation Table wine Grapes Sumoll Blanco, Parellada
Martí Serdà Brut Magnum
Quantity:
20,60 €
Other Bottle sizes: Demi, Standard
PK --
88
Type of wine Cava Winery Martí Serdà Appellation Cava Grapes Macabeo, Xarel.lo, Parellada
Recaredo Intens Rosat Brut Nature 2012
Quantity:
20,65 €
Orgasmic
Eco / Bio
bottle x6: 19,60 €/u. (-5%)
PK90+
--
Type of wine Cava Winery Cava Recaredo Appellation Cava Grapes Pinot Noir, Monastrell
Vega de Ribes Ancestral Rosé 2008
Quantity:
20,75 €
Freak
Eco / Bio
PK --
--
Type of wine Ancestral Winery Vega de Ribes Appellation Table wine Grapes Garnacha, Sumoll
Cueva Orange Brut Nature 2015
Quantity:
20,75 €
Natural
PK --
--
Type of wine Ancestral Winery Bodegas Cueva Appellation Table wine Grapes Macabeo, Tardana
Vega de Ribes Ancestral Malvasía de Sitges Dolç 2009
Quantity:
20,80 €
Eco / Bio
bottle x6: 19,75 €/u. (-5%)
PK --
--
Type of wine Ancestral Winery Vega de Ribes Appellation Table wine Grapes Malvasía de Sitges
Martí Serdà Cuvée Real Gran Reserva Brut Nature 2006
Quantity:
21,05 €
PK --
90
Type of wine Cava Winery Martí Serdà Appellation Cava Grapes Xarel.lo, Macabeo, Parellada
Sextant L'Ecume Extra Brut
Quantity:
21,15 €
Freak
Natural
bottle x6: 20,10 €/u. (-5%)
PK --
--
Type of wine Ancestral Winery Sextant Appellation Vin Mousseux Grapes Aligoté, Pinot Noir
Claude Cazals Carte d'Or Grand Cru - 37,5 cl.
Quantity:
21,20 €
Charming
Other Bottle sizes: Magnum, Standard
PK --
--
Type of wine Champagne Winery Claude Cazals Appellation Champagne Grapes Chardonnay
Jané Ventura Reserva de la Música Brut Nature Reserva 2011 Magnum
Quantity:
21,35 €
Eco / Bio
PK --
90
Type of wine Cava Winery Jané Ventura Appellation Cava Grapes Macabeo, Xarel.lo, Parellada
Juvé & Camps Reserva Brut Millesimé 2014
Quantity:
21,40 €
Charming
PK --
--
Type of wine Cava Winery Juvé Camps Appellation Cava Grapes Chardonnay
L'O de l'Origan Rosado Brut Nature
Quantity:
21,50 €
bottle x6: 20,40 €/u. (-5%)
PK86
87
Type of wine Cava Winery L'Origan Cava Appellation Cava Grapes Pinot Noir, Chardonnay
Cueva Kion Escumós de Gingebre
Quantity:
21,85 €
Natural
PK --
--
Type of wine Ancestral Winery Bodegas Cueva Appellation Table wine Grapes Tardana
Bertha Siglo XXI Brut Rosé 2010
Quantity:
22,20 €
PK --
--
Type of wine Cava Winery Bertha Appellation Cava Grapes Pinot Noir
Vall Dolina Reserva Brut Nature Magnum
Quantity:
22,70 €
Eco / Bio
Other Bottle sizes: Standard
PK --
91
Type of wine Cava Winery Celler Masia Can Tutusaus Appellation Cava Grapes Macabeo, Xarel.lo, Parellada, Chardonnay
Bertha Siglo XXI Brut Nature 2007
Quantity:
22,75 €
Charming
bottle x6: 21,60 €/u. (-5%)
PK --
90
Type of wine Cava Winery Bertha Appellation Cava Grapes Macabeo, Xarel.lo, Parellada, Chardonnay
Pol Roger Brut Réserve - 37,5 cl.
Quantity:
22,90 €
bottle x6: 21,75 €/u. (-5%)
Other Bottle sizes: Magnum, Doble Magnum, Standard
PK92
--
Type of wine Champagne Winery Pol Roger Appellation Champagne Grapes Pinot Noir, Pinot Meunier, Chardonnay
Geltz Zilliken Saar Riesling Brut 2009
Quantity:
23,00 €
PK --
--
Type of wine Sekt Winery Geltz Zilliken Appellation Mosel Saar Ruwer Grapes Riesling
Billecart-Salmon Brut Réserve - 37,5 cl.
Quantity:
23,70 €
Charming
bottle x6: 22,50 €/u. (-5%)
Other Bottle sizes: Magnum, Doble Magnum, Standard
PK87
--
Type of wine Champagne Winery Billecart Salmon Appellation Champagne Grapes Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, Pinot Meunier
Recaredo Subtil Gran Reserva Brut Nature 2009
Quantity:
23,75 €
Eco / Bio
PK --
--
Type of wine Cava Winery Cava Recaredo Appellation Cava Grapes Xarel.lo, Macabeo, Chardonnay
Gramona III Lustros Gran Reserva Brut Nature 2009
Quantity:
23,75 €
Orgasmic
Free shipping
PK --
--
Type of wine Cava Winery Gramona Appellation Cava Grapes Xarel.lo, Macabeo
Juvé & Camps Blanc de Noirs Brut Reserva 2012
Quantity:
23,90 €
PK --
89
Type of wine Cava Winery Juvé Camps Appellation Cava Grapes Pinot Noir
Colet Navazos Reserva Extra Brut 2012
Quantity:
24,30 €
Charming
Freak
Exclusive
bottle x6: 23,10 €/u. (-5%)
Other Vintages available: 2010
PK --
--
Type of wine Cava Winery Equipo Navazos Appellation Penedés Grapes Chardonnay
Heymann Löwenstein Fantasie der Schieferterrassen 2006
Quantity:
24,35 €
PK --
--
Type of wine Sekt Winery Heymann Löwenstein Appellation Mosel Saar Ruwer Grapes Riesling
Wine in moderation
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