Sparkling

Sparkling wine is an alcoholic beverage made from partially fermented grape must, through a wine base obtained from different grape varieties of Vitis vinifera genus that would later on have a second alcoholic fermentation in bottle to obtain the carbonic gas or sparkle. 

Main varieties used for sparkling wine production are: Macabeo, Xarel.lo, Parellada and Trepat within the Cava appellation, and Chardonnay, Pinot Noir and Pinot Meunier in Champagne. Keep in mind that both Cava and Champagne are the most renowned worldwide producers of sparkling wine; however there are other producing regions such as Sekt, Prosseco and Crémant.

How is sparkling wine obtained?

There are different methods to bring forth a sparkling wine: champenoise method, also known as traditional or classic one, where the second fermentation is produced in the bottle after yeasts addition; transfer method, where the second fermentation is produced in the bottle but later the liquid is racked into a deposit to filter it and then put in the bottle again to be distributed; Granvás or Charmat method, where the second fermentation takes place in big gas-tight vats; and finally the gasification method, where carbonic gas is added to base wine.

Doubtlessly, champenoise method is the most expensive one but it is also the one which supplies the best sparkle quality and consequently the best final product.

The first step to produce any sparkling wine is to obtain a base of white wine with low alcoholic degree and smooth astringency that has followed white winemaking standard procedures. There are some producers who keep aside a small quantity of white wine to be aged in oak in order to furnish tertiary ageing aroma to the wine, for instance some cuvées by Krug and Castell de Sant Antoni.     

Once the wine is in big stainless steel deposits, the expedition or tirage liquor is added. This liquor is made of sugar and saccharomyces bayanus yeasts. Then, the mix is bottled in glass and corked with a cap similar to the one used for beer and a shutter. The glass is distinguishable for its thickness, as it has to endure the second fermentation pressure, which can reach up to 6 atmospheres.

The next step is the horizontal storage of the bottles, called rhyme, in the cellar with constant humidity and temperature. Rhyme ageing takes at least 9 months for Cava and 15 months for Champagne. During this phase, yeasts thrives on sugar and release both alcohol and carbonic gas (CO2), causing the cherished sparkle. After the second fermentation, yeasts die from asphyxiation and remain sedimented in the bottle; these are the famous lees that give the typical autolysis bouquet to wine.       

Once rhyme ageing is finished (from 9 to 60 months, depending on the cuvée) is the moment for clearing or fining, by turning regularly the bottles now placed on desks, until they get in vertical position, thus transferring the lees to the bottleneck.    

It is time for disgorgement, freezing the bottleneck with a champagel equipment. Then bottles are uncorked, so as to eliminate the part of the freeze wine that has yeasts sediments, a diminishment that is completed with base wine, if the idea is to obtain a brut nature, or with expedition liquor to obtain an extra brut sparkling wine (up to 6 g/l sugar), brut (up to 15 g/l), extra sec (from 12 to 20 g/l), sec (from 17 to 32 g/l), semi  sec (from 33 to 50 g/l) or sweet (over 50 g/l). Expedition liquor is a blend of sugar and aged white wine.   

Now all that's missing is corking, labelling and distribution. Bubbles party!

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Sparkling wine from 10 to 20€

Sparkling wine options

 Classification
 Vintage dated
Roig Boig Ancestral
Quantity:
10,10 €
Freak
Natural
PK --
--
Type of wine Ancestral Winery Celler La Salada Appellation Table wine Grapes Xarel.lo, Monica, Mandó, Sumoll, Cannonau
Garay Rosé Brut Nature
Quantity:
10,10 €
Eco / Bio
PK --
--
Type of wine Cava Winery DG Viticultors Appellation Vino Espumoso de Calidad Grapes Pinot Noir
Garay Brut Nature
Quantity:
10,10 €
Freak
Eco / Bio
PK --
--
Type of wine Cava Winery DG Viticultors Appellation Vino Espumoso de Calidad Grapes Chardonnay
Ferret Brut Reserva
Quantity:
10,20 €
PK --
90
Type of wine Cava Winery Cavas Ferret Appellation Cava Grapes Xarel.lo, Macabeo, Parellada
Bertha Lounge Rosé 2013
Quantity:
10,25 €
PK --
--
Type of wine Cava Winery Bertha Appellation Cava Grapes Garnacha, Pinot Noir
Colet Tradicional Extra Brut
Quantity:
10,30 €
Orgasmic
bottle x6: 9,80 €/u. (-5%)
PK88
93
Type of wine Cava Winery Colet Vins Appellation Penedés Grapes Xarel.lo, Macabeo, Parellada
Colet Vatua!
Quantity:
10,30 €
PK90
90
Type of wine Cava Winery Colet Vins Appellation Penedés Grapes Moscatel de Alejandría, Parellada, Gewürztraminer
Celler Vell Extra Brut Gran Reserva 2011
Quantity:
10,35 €
PK --
--
Type of wine Cava Winery Celler Vell Appellation Cava Grapes Xarel.lo, Macabeo, Parellada, Chardonnay
Berdié Brut Reserva Fetish
Quantity:
10,65 €
bottle x6: 10,10 €/u. (-5%)
PK --
86
Type of wine Cava Winery Jovani Vins Appellation Cava Grapes Garnacha, Monastrell
Berdié Amor Brut Reserva
Quantity:
10,65 €
bottle x6: 10,10 €/u. (-5%)
PK89
87
Type of wine Cava Winery Jovani Vins Appellation Cava Grapes Macabeo, Xarel.lo, Parellada, Garnacha
Aimery Blanquette Brut
Quantity:
10,80 €
bottle x6: 10,25 €/u. (-5%)
PK --
--
Llopart Nèctar Terrenal Semi Dulce
Quantity:
10,90 €
Eco / Bio
PK --
94
Type of wine Cava Winery Cavas Llopart Appellation Cava Grapes Xarel.lo, Parellada
Clos Lentiscus Colection Rosé Brut Nature 2009
Quantity:
10,90 €
Natural
PK --
87
Type of wine Cava Winery Finca Aviñó Appellation Penedés Grapes Syrah
Clos Lentiscus Blanc de Blancs Brut Nature
Quantity:
10,90 €
Natural
Other Bottle sizes: Magnum
PK --
87
Type of wine Cava Winery Finca Aviñó Appellation Penedés Grapes Malvasía de Sitges
Clos Lentiscus 41º Rosé Brut Nature
Quantity:
10,90 €
Natural
PK --
90
Type of wine Cava Winery Finca Aviñó Appellation Penedés Grapes Samsó
Codorníu Non Plus Ultra Reserva Brut Nature
Quantity:
10,95 €
bottle x6: 10,40 €/u. (-5%)
PK --
89
Type of wine Cava Winery Codorníu Appellation Cava Grapes Xarel.lo, Macabeo, Parellada
Llopart Reserva Brut Nature
Quantity:
11,30 €
Eco / Bio
PK --
89
Type of wine Cava Winery Cavas Llopart Appellation Cava Grapes Macabeo, Xarel.lo, Parellada
DG Brut Rosé 2012
Quantity:
11,55 €
Eco / Bio
PK --
--
Type of wine Cava Winery DG Viticultors Appellation Vino Espumoso de Calidad Grapes Pinot Noir
DG Brut 2012
Quantity:
11,55 €
Eco / Bio
PK --
--
Type of wine Cava Winery DG Viticultors Appellation Vino Espumoso de Calidad Grapes Chardonnay
Gran Codorníu Pinot Noir Vintage 2014
Quantity:
11,60 €
Charming
PK --
89
Type of wine Cava Winery Codorníu Appellation Cava Grapes Pinot Noir
Tutusaus Gran Reserva Brut Nature 2012
Quantity:
11,65 €
PK --
87
Type of wine Cava Winery Celler Masia Can Tutusaus Appellation Cava Grapes Macabeo, Xarel.lo, Parellada, Chardonnay
Llopart Rosé Brut Reserva 2014
Quantity:
11,70 €
Eco / Bio
PK87
90
Type of wine Cava Winery Cavas Llopart Appellation Cava Grapes Monastrell, Garnacha, Pinot Noir
On the Rocks
Quantity:
11,75 €
PK --
--
Type of wine Crémant Winery Vignerons Sieur d'Arques Appellation Limoux Grapes Mauzac
Blason Rouge Brut
Quantity:
11,90 €
bottle x6: 11,30 €/u. (-5%)
PK --
--
Agustí Torelló Trepat Brut Reserva 2013
Quantity:
11,90 €
bottle x6: 11,30 €/u. (-5%)
PK88
--
Type of wine Cava Winery Agustí Torelló Appellation Cava Grapes Trepat
Wine in moderation
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