Sparkling

Sparkling wine is an alcoholic beverage made from partially fermented grape must, through a wine base obtained from different grape varieties of Vitis vinifera genus that would later on have a second alcoholic fermentation in bottle to obtain the carbonic gas or sparkle. 

Main varieties used for sparkling wine production are: Macabeo, Xarel.lo, Parellada and Trepat within the Cava appellation, and Chardonnay, Pinot Noir and Pinot Meunier in Champagne. Keep in mind that both Cava and Champagne are the most renowned worldwide producers of sparkling wine; however there are other producing regions such as Sekt, Prosseco and Crémant.

How is sparkling wine obtained?

There are different methods to bring forth a sparkling wine: champenoise method, also known as traditional or classic one, where the second fermentation is produced in the bottle after yeasts addition; transfer method, where the second fermentation is produced in the bottle but later the liquid is racked into a deposit to filter it and then put in the bottle again to be distributed; Granvás or Charmat method, where the second fermentation takes place in big gas-tight vats; and finally the gasification method, where carbonic gas is added to base wine.

Doubtlessly, champenoise method is the most expensive one but it is also the one which supplies the best sparkle quality and consequently the best final product.

The first step to produce any sparkling wine is to obtain a base of white wine with low alcoholic degree and smooth astringency that has followed white winemaking standard procedures. There are some producers who keep aside a small quantity of white wine to be aged in oak in order to furnish tertiary ageing aroma to the wine, for instance some cuvées by Krug and Castell de Sant Antoni.     

Once the wine is in big stainless steel deposits, the expedition or tirage liquor is added. This liquor is made of sugar and saccharomyces bayanus yeasts. Then, the mix is bottled in glass and corked with a cap similar to the one used for beer and a shutter. The glass is distinguishable for its thickness, as it has to endure the second fermentation pressure, which can reach up to 6 atmospheres.

The next step is the horizontal storage of the bottles, called rhyme, in the cellar with constant humidity and temperature. Rhyme ageing takes at least 9 months for Cava and 15 months for Champagne. During this phase, yeasts thrives on sugar and release both alcohol and carbonic gas (CO2), causing the cherished sparkle. After the second fermentation, yeasts die from asphyxiation and remain sedimented in the bottle; these are the famous lees that give the typical autolysis bouquet to wine.       

Once rhyme ageing is finished (from 9 to 60 months, depending on the cuvée) is the moment for clearing or fining, by turning regularly the bottles now placed on desks, until they get in vertical position, thus transferring the lees to the bottleneck.    

It is time for disgorgement, freezing the bottleneck with a champagel equipment. Then bottles are uncorked, so as to eliminate the part of the freeze wine that has yeasts sediments, a diminishment that is completed with base wine, if the idea is to obtain a brut nature, or with expedition liquor to obtain an extra brut sparkling wine (up to 6 g/l sugar), brut (up to 15 g/l), extra sec (from 12 to 20 g/l), sec (from 17 to 32 g/l), semi  sec (from 33 to 50 g/l) or sweet (over 50 g/l). Expedition liquor is a blend of sugar and aged white wine.   

Now all that's missing is corking, labelling and distribution. Bubbles party!

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Sparkling wine

Sparkling wine options

 Vintage dated
Martí Serdà Brut - 37,5 cl.
Quantity:
5,75 €
Other Bottle sizes: Magnum, Standard
PK --
88
Type of wine Cava Winery Martí Serdà Appellation Cava Grapes Macabeo, Xarel.lo, Parellada
Martí Serdà Rosé - 37,5 cl.
Quantity:
5,75 €
Other Bottle sizes: Standard
PK --
86
Type of wine Cava Winery Martí Serdà Appellation Cava Grapes Trepat, Garnacha, Pinot Noir
Codorníu 1551 Brut Nature
Quantity:
5,80 €
PK --
--
Type of wine Cava Winery Codorníu Appellation Cava Grapes Macabeo, Xarel.lo, Parellada
El Serralet Brut Nature 2011
Quantity:
6,60 €
PK --
--
Type of wine Cava Winery Josep Mª Rosell Mir Appellation Cava Grapes Macabeo, Parellada
Celler Vell Brut Nature Reserva
Quantity:
6,95 €
PK --
89
Type of wine Cava Winery Celler Vell Appellation Cava Grapes Macabeo, Xarel.lo, Parellada
Bebito Brut Nature
Quantity:
7,25 €
bottle x6: 6,90 €/u. (-5%)
PK --
--
Type of wine Cava Winery Wine Side Story Appellation Cava Grapes Xarel.lo, Macabeo, Parellada
Petit Albet Brut
Quantity:
7,45 €
Eco / Bio
PK87
89
Type of wine Cava Winery Albet i Noya Appellation Cava Grapes Parellada, Xarel.lo, Macabeo, Chardonnay
Berdié Rupestre Brut Reserva
Quantity:
7,50 €
PK87
88
Type of wine Cava Winery Jovani Vins Appellation Cava Grapes Macabeo, Xarel.lo, Parellada
Mas Candí Brut Nature
Quantity:
7,70 €
Eco / Bio
bottle x6: 7,30 €/u. (-5%)
Other Bottle sizes: Magnum
PK87
--
Type of wine Cava Winery Mas Candí Appellation Cava Grapes Xarel.lo, Macabeo, Sumoll, Parellada
Castell del Remei Brut Nature
Quantity:
7,70 €
PK --
--
Type of wine Cava Winery Castell del Remei Appellation Cava Grapes Macabeo, Xarel.lo, Parellada, Chardonnay
Martí Serdà Brut
Quantity:
8,00 €
Other Bottle sizes: Magnum, Demi
PK --
88
Type of wine Cava Winery Martí Serdà Appellation Cava Grapes Macabeo, Xarel.lo, Parellada
Descregut Brut Nature Reserva Rosat 2012
Quantity:
8,00 €
Eco / Bio
PK --
--
Type of wine Cava Winery Can Descregut Appellation Cava Grapes Pinot Noir
Descregut Brut Nature Reserva 2012
Quantity:
8,15 €
Eco / Bio
PK --
--
Type of wine Cava Winery Can Descregut Appellation Cava Grapes Xarel.lo, Macabeo, Parellada
Martí Serdà Rosé
Quantity:
8,15 €
Other Bottle sizes: Demi
PK --
86
Type of wine Cava Winery Martí Serdà Appellation Cava Grapes Trepat, Garnacha, Pinot Noir
Martí Serdà Brut Nature
Quantity:
8,45 €
PK --
88
Type of wine Cava Winery Martí Serdà Appellation Cava Grapes Macabeo, Xarel.lo, Parellada
Vall Dolina Reserva Brut Nature
Quantity:
8,60 €
Eco / Bio
Other Bottle sizes: Magnum
PK --
91
Type of wine Cava Winery Celler Masia Can Tutusaus Appellation Cava Grapes Macabeo, Xarel.lo, Parellada, Chardonnay
Tinc Set Ancestral 2016
Quantity:
8,65 €
Natural
Other Bottle sizes: Magnum
PK --
--
Type of wine Ancestral Winery Mas Candí Appellation Table wine Grapes Macabeo, Xarel.lo
Colet A Posteriori Brut Rosé
Quantity:
8,70 €
PK85
87
Type of wine Cava Winery Colet Vins Appellation Penedés Grapes Merlot
Anna Codorníu Brut Nature
Quantity:
8,70 €
bottle x6: 8,25 €/u. (-5%)
PK --
88
Type of wine Cava Winery Codorníu Appellation Cava Grapes Chardonnay, Parellada, Macabeo, Xarel.lo
Colet A Priori Brut
Quantity:
8,70 €
Charming
PK91
90
Berdié Brut Nature Reserva
Quantity:
8,75 €
bottle x6: 8,30 €/u. (-5%)
PK --
87
Type of wine Cava Winery Jovani Vins Appellation Cava Grapes Macabeo, Xarel.lo, Parellada
Jané Ventura Reserva de la Música Brut Nature Reserva 2014
Quantity:
8,90 €
Eco / Bio
PK89
--
Type of wine Cava Winery Jané Ventura Appellation Cava Grapes Macabeo, Xarel.lo, Parellada
Rimarts Brut Reserva 2014
Quantity:
8,95 €
bottle x6: 8,50 €/u. (-5%)
PK --
91
Type of wine Cava Winery Cava Rimarts Appellation Cava Grapes Macabeo, Parellada, Xarel.lo
Albet i Noya Brut Reserva
Quantity:
9,25 €
Eco / Bio
PK89
86
Type of wine Cava Winery Albet i Noya Appellation Cava Grapes Chardonnay, Macabeo, Parellada, Xarel.lo
Bertha Brut 1989
Quantity:
9,30 €
PK --
87
Type of wine Cava Winery Bertha Appellation Cava Grapes Macabeo, Xarel.lo, Parellada
Wine in moderation
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