Albariño is a variety quite vigorous, robust and fertile. It has average budding and early ripening. Its clusters are small with medium sized grapes and a relatively thick skin. Albariño clusters are vulnerable to downy mildew, powdery mildew and particularly mite. This variety is better adapted to dry soils.
Albariño variety is widely extended in the northeast of Portugal, where it started its spreading from its original source, at the borough of Monçâo, just in the northern border of the country, limiting with Spain. However, the quality of this variety and the preferences in the wine world has led the Albariño variety beyond the north-east of the Iberian Peninsula, to North-America and the Antipodes. The best Albariño wines bring together fruity and floral aroma and taste: from lime, orange and acacia to citronella and spike lavender, even dry orange peel, orange, grapefruit, bergamot, peach and in some cases green apple. Its fresh acidity is well balanced with the solid and potent structure of the wine, where many times we will find maritime notes, so these wines are the perfect pair for shellfish. Today still some Albariño vines are planted with the traditional vine arbour.
Galicia was one of the first designations of origin to indicate in its labels the grape variety that yielded a wine. Nowadays Rías Baixas is one of the appellations more popular and successful at international level. Some of the recommended producers are: Do Ferreiro (in particular the Cepas Vellas cuvée out of a over 200 years old vineyard), Martín Castro, Forjas del Salnés, Pazo de Señorans (especially Selección de Añada), Pazos de Lusco y Raúl Pérez.